Teacup and tea shop

From a tea leaf

There are only 6 main types of tea that are made from tea leaves: black, green, white, yellow, oolong and Pu-erh. They differ from each other in the degree of fermentation and the method of processing, but the plant is always the same – the already mentioned Camellia sinensis, which is a bush or tree.

Black (red)

Black tea is the most popular in our country and in the European part of the world. In China, it is known as red – by the color of the infusion. This type of tea is produced by strong fermentation (oxidation). As a rule, it has a tart rich taste.


Green tea undergoes minimal fermentation. This type of treatment allows you to maintain a high level of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals. The tea has an infusion of golden yellow color, as well as a light and herbaceous taste. It is most popular in Asia.


Weakly fermented (almost not fermented) tea containing tips (tea buds). Especially popular in China, it is considered the most useful. White tea has a light yellow color and a delicate aroma.


Weakly fermented tea from high quality raw materials. According to the degree of oxidation, it is between white and green. It is considered very rare and can most often be purchased only in China.


Semi-fermented tea, occupying a middle position between black and green. According to the degree of oxidation, it is divided into highly fermented (closer to black tea) and weakly fermented (closer to green) varieties. Oolongs give an infusion from light yellow to light brown, the taste is rich and bright.


Post-fermented tea that “ripens” after normal fermentation in a natural (shen Pu’er) or accelerated (shu Pu’er) way. The final fermentation takes place thanks to special microorganisms (aspergillus acidus). Dark puer become a red-brown infusion, sometimes have an earthy taste. Light puer give a different infusion – from yellow-green to light brown.

Types of tea according to the tea leaf format

A tea leaf after all kinds of sorting and processing may look different. There are several categories depending on its integrity and quality. Most countries adhere to the following classification:

krupnolistovoy – tea made from whole leaves or leaves cut into large pieces;

medium leaf (Broken, broken) – tea made from chopped leaves;

small–leaved (Fannings, seeding) – tea from finely chopped leaves;

tea dust (Dust) – tea made from very small parts of the leaf, similar to dust;

tips (T) – buds (tips) predominate in tea;

peko (R) – tea made from ordinary leaves;

orange (O) – upper leaves;

orange peko (OR) – a mixture of upper and ordinary leaves;

granular (STS) is a sheet that is heavily crushed with the help of a machine.

Natural additives can turn the most ordinary tea into a completely new drink:

fruits and berries,

flowers and herbs,


sweets (candied fruits, chocolate).


How are they different

A cup is not a mug, and vice versa. A funny pun is not a joke at all, but a funny truth. The products are very similar in appearance and purpose, but have a number of differences. Check it out to decide whether to buy a cup or not.

1. Wall thickness. Historically, cups have a more elegant design. Originally invented for an aristocratic environment. Their walls are thinner. The weight is less. A mug is a vessel that appeared, first of all, among working people. Practical water scoop. Hence the thicker base.

2. Volume. A traditional tea cup is designed for 180-200 ml of liquid. The average mug holds 250-300 ml.

3. Form. The first task facing the tea–drinking vessel was convenience. It is no coincidence that the container acquired the shape of a rounded bowl. So it was more convenient for Chinese monks and participants of the tea ceremony to enjoy a drink and conduct philosophical conversations. The tea had time to cool down a little before the next sip. The shape of the mug, on the contrary, is adapted to long-term heat preservation. Tall and elongated.

4. Completeness. Speaking of a set of cups, they mean a tea pair with a saucer. This accessory is used for serving, you need a spoon and sugar. The mug is a single tableware, created for personal use.

5. The reason. At receptions, birthdays, weddings and other events with the gathering of guests, it is customary to serve tea in cups. Containers are in use in cafes and restaurants. But for a family evening, an ordinary mug is also suitable.

6. Drink. Behind the scenes, classic hot drinks such as tea and coffee are always served in cups. All the rest – cocoa, compotes, water, fruit drinks, jelly, juices – in mugs.

Now you know that it is better to take a set of cups as a housewarming gift, but as a sincere gift to the second half – buy a mug. Add a hot chocolate mixture to it to emphasize the warmth, a card with good wishes and wait for the next holiday.

Types of mugs

For several centuries, the history of the cup has been overgrown with incredible, but true facts. For example, the most expensive tea vessel in the world costs more than 36 million US dollars. The valuable product belongs to one of the Chinese businessmen. The container is only 8 cm high, made of porcelain, decorated with the image of roosters. The uninitiated reader will be surprised that there is such a thing. But true experts say that the age of the cup is 600 years old. This is what the roosters say, a symbol of the happy life of the Ming Dynasty period. The drawing is made in the rarest doucai technique. All colors, except blue, are applied over the glaze, as well as under it. The relic is kept in a private museum.

Let’s move on from the antique product to the real one. Today it is an established structure. This is a hemispherical bowl with a flat bottom and a handle.

1. A teacup. Of these, black, red, green, white and yellow tea are used. The tea leaves are prepared in a separate vessel, and the finished drink is poured. Sugar, lemon, milk or cream are added to taste.

2. A bowl or a large soup cup. Its increased volume immediately attracts attention. Indeed, not only classic hot drinks are drunk from such, but also broths. Vegetable, meat, mushroom. For convenience, the bowl is provided with not one, but two side handles.

3. Coffee cup. The most interesting piece of tableware. The volume varies depending on the type of coffee. The stronger the drink you prefer, the less packaging you need to buy. More on this later.